The Walmart 1 Percent in West Virginia

We currently don’t know of any members or affiliations of the Walmart 1 Percent in West Virginia. Got any to add? Let us know!



The Walmart 1 Percent’s Influence in West Virginia Politics

The Walton family in politics

The Waltons contributed $4,400 to candidates for Congress from West Virginia between the 1990 election cycle and 2010. All of it went to Republicans running for House seats.[1]

Walmart in politics

The Walmart PAC spent $42,000 on Congressional candidates from the West Virginia over the same time period, with 83% going to Republicans. At the state level, Walmart spent $25,875 on West Virginia politics from 2003 to 2010.[2]



Walmart’s Impact on West Virginia’s Employment Picture

Impact of Walmart stores on retail and other jobs

Based on data available through Walmart’s website, there were 12,861 Walmart associates in West Virginia as of January 31, 2012.

According to a 2006 study, for every retail job created at Walmart, communities lose 1.4 retail jobs.[3] Based on the findings of this study, we estimate that, if Walmart had no stores in West Virginia, there would be an additional 5,144 retail jobs in the state.

Impact of Walmart’s China sourcing on jobs

Based on an estimate of Walmart’s share of the U.S.-China trade deficit, we can estimate that Washington lost an estimated 4,120 jobs as a result of Walmart’s practice of sourcing heavily from China.[4]



Walmart’s Cost to West Virginia Taxpayers

Taxpayer subsidies for Walmart

Walmart is the world’s biggest company.[5] But despite its colossal financial resources—the company brought in $444 billion in revenue last year[6]—it’s habitually dipped into public coffers to finance its expansion into almost every corner of the United States.[7] In the absence of centralized information or databases on economic subsidies, Good Jobs First, an economic policy and research non-profit, has done extensive research to document the subsidies Walmart has received, and has published the data on Walmart Subsidy Watch. Here’s what GJF uncovered in West Virginia.

Taxpayer healthcare costs

Tens of thousands of Walmart associates and their families qualify for Medicaid and other publicly subsidized care. Indeed, according to data compiled by Good Jobs First, in 22 of 24 states which have disclosed information, Walmart has the largest number of employees or dependents on the public rolls of any employer.[8]

In West Virginia: The top employer of children enrolled in the State Children’s Health Insurance Program was Walmart, per December 2004 data from the state’s Bureau for Children and Families. Over 450 Walmart associates had children enrolled—more than three times the number of employees with enrolled children at the second-ranked employer, Asplundh.[9]



More Walmart stores coming to West Virginia

We currently don’t know of any Walmart stores planned or rumored to be opening in West Virginia. Got any to add? Let us know!


[3] The Effects of Wal-Mart on Local Labor Markets. December, 2006. David Neumark, Junfu Zhang, Stephen Ciccarella.

[4] These numbers are estimates.   To arrive at these estimates, we used the report by the Economic Policy Institute that estimated U.S. jobs lost to China by state from 2001-2008.    We then multiplied that number by 9.3%, which is the proportion of the overall U.S.-China trade deficit that EPI estimated to be tied to Walmart. We arrived at that number from this study.

[5] As measured by revenue; “Fortune Global 500 2011: The World’s Biggest Companies – Wal-Mart Stores,”

[6] “Walmart reports Q4 EPS from continuing operations of $1.51; Walmart U.S. delivers positive traffic and positive comp sales in Q4,” press release dated February 21, 2012,

[7] “Shopping for Subsidies: How Wal-Mart Uses Taxpayer Money to Finance Its Never-Ending Growth,” by Philip Mattera and Anna Purinton, Good Jobs First, May 2004.

[8] “Disclosures of Employers Whose Workers and Their Dependents are Using State Health Insurance Programs,” Good Jobs First report, version dated January 18, 2012.

[9] “Disclosures of Employers Whose Workers and Their Dependents are Using State Health Insurance Programs,” Good Jobs First report, version dated January 18, 2012.