The Walmart 1 Percent in Montana

MEMBERS OF THE WALMART 1% IN MONTANA:

  • Cedar Creek Ranch, Ennis, MT – owned by Walton family member Stan Kroenke.

 

 

The Walmart 1 Percent’s Influence in Montana Politics

The Walton family in politics

The Waltons contributed $9,900 to candidates for Congress from Montana between the 1990 election cycle and 2010. All of it went to Max Baucus’ 2002 and 2008 Senate races.[1]

Walmart in politics

The Walmart PAC spent $50,000 on Congressional candidates from Montana over the same time period, with two-thirds going to Republicans.[2]

 

 

Walmart’s Impact on Montana’s Employment Picture

Impact of Walmart stores on retail and other jobs

Based on data available through Walmart’s website, there were 5,104 Walmart associates in Montana as of January 31, 2012.

According to a 2006 study, for every retail job created at Walmart, communities lose 1.4 retail jobs.[3] Based on the findings of this study, we estimate that, if Walmart had no stores in Montana, there would be an additional 2,042 retail jobs in the state.

Impact of Walmart’s China sourcing on jobs

Based on an estimate of Walmart’s share of the U.S.-China trade deficit, we can estimate that Montana lost an estimated 335 jobs as a result of Walmart’s practice of sourcing heavily from China.[4]

 

 

Walmart’s Cost to Montana Taxpayers

Taxpayer subsidies for Walmart

Walmart is the world’s biggest company.[5] But despite its colossal financial resources—the company brought in $444 billion in revenue last year[6]—it’s habitually dipped into public coffers to finance its expansion into almost every corner of the United States.[7] In the absence of centralized information or databases on economic subsidies, Good Jobs First, an economic policy and research non-profit, has done extensive research to document the subsidies Walmart has received, and has published the data on Walmart Subsidy Watch. Here’s what GJF uncovered in Montana.

Taxpayer healthcare costs

Tens of thousands of Walmart associates and their families qualify for Medicaid and other publicly subsidized care. Indeed, according to data compiled by Good Jobs First, in 22 of 24 states which have disclosed information, Walmart has the largest number of employees or dependents on the public rolls of any employer.[8]

In Montana: In June 2005, records from the state’s health insurance program for children in low-income families confirmed that Walmart was the private employer with the most dependents enrolled in the program.[9]

 

 

More Walmart stores coming to Montana

We currently don’t know of any Walmart stores planned or rumored to be opening in Montana. Got any to add? Let us know!

 

 


[3] The Effects of Wal-Mart on Local Labor Markets. December, 2006. David Neumark, Junfu Zhang, Stephen Ciccarella.

[4] These numbers are estimates. To arrive at these estimates, we used the report by the Economic Policy Institute that estimated U.S. jobs lost to China by state from 2001-2008.  We then multiplied that number by 9.3%, which is the proportion of the overall U.S.-China trade deficit that EPI estimated to be tied to Walmart. We arrived at that number from this study.

[5] As measured by revenue; “Fortune Global 500 2011: The World’s Biggest Companies – Wal-Mart Stores,” http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/global500/2011/snapshots/2255.html

[6] “Walmart reports Q4 EPS from continuing operations of $1.51; Walmart U.S. delivers positive traffic and positive comp sales in Q4,” press release dated February 21, 2012, http://investors.walmartstores.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=112761&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=1663026&highlight=

[7] “Shopping for Subsidies: How Wal-Mart Uses Taxpayer Money to Finance Its Never-Ending Growth,” by Philip Mattera and Anna Purinton, Good Jobs First, May 2004.  http://www.goodjobsfirst.org/sites/default/files/docs/pdf/wmtstudy.pdf

[8] “Disclosures of Employers Whose Workers and Their Dependents are Using State Health Insurance Programs,” Good Jobs First report, version dated January 18, 2012.  http://www.goodjobsfirst.org/corporate-subsidy-watch/hidden-taxpayer-costs.

[9] “Disclosures of Employers Whose Workers and Their Dependents are Using State Health Insurance Programs,” Good Jobs First report, version dated January 18, 2012.  http://www.goodjobsfirst.org/corporate-subsidy-watch/hidden-taxpayer-costs.