The Walmart 1 Percent in Idaho
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The Walmart 1 Percent’s Influence in Idaho Politics
Walmart in politics
Walmart and its PAC have favored Republicans by a wide margin in their Idaho-related political contributions. Between the 1990 and 2010 election cycles, Walmart’s PAC gave $190,000 to candidates for Congress from Idaho. $181,000 of that went to Republicans. In state-level elections from 2003 to 2010, Walmart gave $47,300 to Republican candidates and party committees and $4,330 to Democrats.
Walmart’s Impact on Idaho’s Employment Picture
Impact of Walmart stores on retail and other jobs
Based on data available through Walmart’s website, there were 7,577 Walmart associates in Idaho as of January 31, 2012.
According to a 2006 study, for every retail job created at Walmart, communities lose 1.4 retail jobs. Based on the findings of this study, we estimate that, if Walmart had no stores in Idaho, there would be an additional 3,031 retail jobs in the state.
Impact of Walmart’s China sourcing on jobs
Based on an estimate of Walmart’s share of the U.S.-China trade deficit, we can estimate that Idaho lost an estimated 1,256 jobs as a result of Walmart’s practice of sourcing heavily from China.
Walmart’s Cost to Idaho Taxpayers
Taxpayer subsidies for Walmart
Walmart is the world’s biggest company. But despite its colossal financial resources—the company brought in $444 billion in revenue last year—it’s habitually dipped into public coffers to finance its expansion into almost every corner of the United States. In the absence of centralized information or databases on economic subsidies, Good Jobs First, an economic policy and research non-profit, has done extensive research to document the subsidies Walmart has received, and has published the data on Walmart Subsidy Watch. Here’s what GJF uncovered in Idaho.
Taxpayer healthcare costs
Tens of thousands of Walmart associates and their families qualify for Medicaid and other publicly subsidized care. Indeed, according to data compiled by Good Jobs First, in 22 of 24 states which have disclosed information, Walmart has the largest number of employees or dependents on the public rolls of any employer. Idaho has not disclosed data.
More Walmart stores coming to Idaho
Here’s a list of Walmart stores planned or rumored to be opening in Idaho:
- Nampa: Neighborhood Market, W. Roosevelt Ave. and South Middleton Rd.
 The Effects of Wal-Mart on Local Labor Markets. December, 2006. David Neumark, Junfu Zhang, Stephen Ciccarella.
 These numbers are estimates. To arrive at these estimates, we used the report by the Economic Policy Institute that estimated U.S. jobs lost to China by state from 2001-2008. We then multiplied that number by 9.3%, which is the proportion of the overall U.S.-China trade deficit that EPI estimated to be tied to Walmart. We arrived at that number from this study.
 As measured by revenue; “Fortune Global 500 2011: The World’s Biggest Companies – Wal-Mart Stores,” http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/global500/2011/snapshots/2255.html
 “Walmart reports Q4 EPS from continuing operations of $1.51; Walmart U.S. delivers positive traffic and positive comp sales in Q4,” press release dated February 21, 2012, http://investors.walmartstores.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=112761&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=1663026&highlight=
 “Shopping for Subsidies: How Wal-Mart Uses Taxpayer Money to Finance Its Never-Ending Growth,” by Philip Mattera and Anna Purinton, Good Jobs First, May 2004. http://www.goodjobsfirst.org/sites/default/files/docs/pdf/wmtstudy.pdf
 “Disclosures of Employers Whose Workers and Their Dependents are Using State Health Insurance Programs,” Good Jobs First report, version dated January 18, 2012. http://www.goodjobsfirst.org/corporate-subsidy-watch/hidden-taxpayer-costs.
 Information on planned or rumored stores collected by Making Change at Walmart.